of Women's Health
Take Time To Care
is the leading cause of cancer deaths among both men and women. More women
die each year of lung cancer than of breast cancer.
is lung cancer found?
- Lung cancer
is hard to find in its early stages. Sometimes the disease spreads very
quickly. And symptoms often do not appear until the disease is advanced.
- Most lung
cancers are not found until the cancer has spread beyond the lungs.
Only about 15 percent are found before the cells have spread to lymph
nodes or distant organs.
FDA-approved methods are used to find (diagnose) lung cancer?
x-ray or CT scan to check for spots on the lungs
phlegm cells under a microscope. (Phlegm is a thick liquid that can
collect in your throat. It is pronounced "flem.")
This method uses lighted tubes, which carry air to the lungs, to see
if there are tumors or other tissue blocking the airway.
are two types of lung cancer:
Cell Lung Cancer
Cell Lung Cancer
25 percent of lung cancer cases are small cell lung cancer. The other
75 percent of cases are non-small cell lung cancer.
of lung cancer:
stage --The tumor is usually in only one lung and in the lymph nodes
on the same side of the chest.
stage --The cancer has spread to the other lung and to lymph nodes on
the other side of the chest. Or it has spread to distant organs.
Stage: Cancer is found in saliva, but tumors cannot be found in the
0: There is cancer in only a few layers of cells.
1: The tumor is only in the lung.
II: Cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
III: Cancer has spread to one of these areas:
chest wall or diaphragm near the lung
lymph nodes between the two lungs
lymph nodes on the other side of the chest or in the neck.
IV: Cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
cancer: is cancer that returns after treatment. It can be either small
cell or non-small cell cancer.
lung cancer treatments are approved by the FDA?
--taking out the cancer in an operation
--using medicine to kill cancer cells
--using high-dose x-rays to kill cancer cells
may combine two or more of these therapies.
risks of smoking:
causes 90 percent of lung cancers in men and more than 70 percent in
- The more
you smoke and the longer you smoke, the more likely you are to develop
warning signs of lung cancer:
- A cough
that hangs on and on
loss and/ or loss of appetite
- A fever
for an unknown reason
infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia
and Drug Administration
FDA's Office of Women's Health
American Cancer Society
Phone: 1-800-227-2345 (1-800-ACS-2345)
Phone 1-800-586-4872 (1-800-LUNG-USA)